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Game From Scratch C++ Edition The Introduction

 

I have decided to take a quick detour from my primary game development, to illustrate how to create a more simplistic 2D game using C++. I am going to cover it over a number of posts, each building on the last and if you follow along, hopefully at the end you will be well on the road to creating your own games.

 

 

Why in C++, I thought you hated C++?

 

 

That is a good question with a bad answer. I am writing it in C++ because regardless to all the people say “DON’T DO THAT IN C++!” the vast majority of people still do. The problem is so many of these people follow outdated or just downright bad examples and establish a horrific coding style right from day one.

 

 

So often questions come up like “how do I split my code up into multiple files” or people state things like “I hate OOP, I’ll just use functions”. Both of these statements illustrate the failing of many tutorials. Using C++ without objects is like using a hammer only as a nail extraction tool; while functional you are entirely missing the point of the tool. One last thing that many new developers get hung up on… we are writing a game, not a game engine! Don’t overwhelm yourself with unneeded complexity when you are just starting out.

 

 

This tutorial is going to span a number of posts so that I can go into the detail necessary. I am going to make some decisions for the sake of readability, but for the most part this should be code that you can take away and develop a success game upon. Along the way I will try to explain things to the best of my ability. With each post I will include a download link with the project, source code, etc. I have this nack for going off topic or into detail and frankly that is part of what I enjoy about writing.  That said, it can be confusing or distracting for people that just want the facts.  In this case I will box such comments into “Optional Information” sections that you can freely skip and still keep up. 

 

 

One last thing, this post will not teach you to program. I am going to make certain assumptions about my audience, the biggest of which is that you have a few weeks of learning under your belt. I assume you know the very basics in one language like how to declare a variable or how to use an if statement. If you have absolutely no exposure to programming I suggest you head over here for some getting started advice.

 

 

 

What game are we going to create?

 

We are going to create a downright amazing game about two intrepid paddles in space, called PANG!

 

 

Yeah yeah, we are going to create a Pong clone. Frankly every first game should be something simple and fairly easy to complete. That said, if things in this post go according to plan, Pang should provide us a few interesting opportunities, as with each additional post we can add a few more features like 2 player hot-seat, AI, nuclear missiles, networking, etc.

 

 

Doing most of the heavy lifting will be the excellent SFML libraries. They are well designed and do a very good job of keeping you away from a lot of the harmful aspects of C++.

 

 

 

Stuff you need to follow along

 

 

Before we begin, there are a few things you need to download and install.

 

 

This tutorial is going to work entirely with Microsoft C++ Express 2010. If you have another version or different IDE, you can still follow along, but directions will be explicitly for Visual C++ Express. So if you haven’t already head over here and click the Install Now button.

 

*** One word of warning, if you already have a Visual Studio 2010 product installed and patched to SP1, you will have to reapply the SP1 after you install Visual C++ Express. It takes a long time, and yes, it’s very annoying ***

 

 

 

Next head on over to SFML and download the SFML Windows - Visual C++ 2008 headers / libraries / external libraries package. This link is a zip file, just save it somewhere on your computer, we will address it again shortly.

 

 

One last catch ( explained here ) is that the SFML Visual C++ DLLs simply do not work with Visual Studio 2010. I have compiled them for you and you can download them here. Again, simply save that zip file somewhere and we will use it shortly.

 

 

Finally you are going to need a paint program of some form. MSPaint will work in a pinch, but I would recommend Paint.NET or the GIMP instead. Download links for both can be found here.

 

 

Ok, now that we have everything we need lets move on to Part 1.

 

 

  Forward to Part 1




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13. July 2012

I have a bit of a project I need to undertake in real life, that overlaps nicely with this site, so I am documenting the process here.

 

 

The nutshell version, I have a toddler and she is having trouble with transitions.  People have suggestion a This Then board, in terms of “Do This” “Then that” will happen.  Its remarkably simple over all, it is pretty much two pieces of velcro on a piece of cardboard and a bunch of pictures that we can stick to it.  I was about to have to print off a ton of pictures, scale them down, stick velcro to them and it dawned on me… this calls for an App!

 

 

See, I have a ton of devices around this place…  PCs, a Mac, a Galaxy Note, S3, Transformer, Playbook, iPhone, iPod and even an iPad that my daughter has pretty much claimed as her own.  So it only makes sense to implement this an application.  That said, supporting all of these platforms would be a pretty epic pain in the butt.  Also, I have very little desire to pay Apple 99$ a year just to put this app on her iPad, and I don’t want to be bothered with jailbreaking.

 

This is where my recent playing with HTML5 comes in extremely handy.  I am going to create it using a variety of technologies, include cocos2D, node/express and heroku.  The application itself is very simple, but the process is stuff that almost any moderately advanced web application is going to face.

 

First off, HTML5 is wonderful, but it has some serious limitations.  One such limitation is only having minimal local storage.  This is where your server comes in, and Node delivers in spades.  Another problem almost all web apps face is… where do I put this thing?  We will cover that as well.  Possibly at the end I will also covering delivering to device ( PhoneGap? Appcelerator? ), that’s a wait and see thing.

 

This isn’t exactly a tutorial series; this is something I have to accomplish, so I’ve decided to document the process as I go.  I wont always go into as much detail as I normally do with tutorials and I promise you, unless you have a toddler yourself, the end result wont be that exciting of a game.  However, you will see how to quickly make an HTML5 game in cocos2D, hosted in Node.js, developed quickly.  Hope you enjoy.

 

In fact, the first post is up.  This one covers hosting a cocos2D app ( our last tutorial on menus and music ) in a custom Node.js based server.

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