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12. March 2015

 

I’ve long been a fan of the Phaser HTML5 game library, as my ongoing tutorial series might indicate.  Somewhat recently Phaser started adding premium commercial plugins.  The most recently added plugin adds support for Box2D, the popular 2D physics based library.  This is a commercial plugin (aka, you’ve got to pay for it.  $65 for premium $45 for standard – only difference is number of samples ), but don’t fret, Phaser still has a number of physics systems built-in that are completely free.

 

Box2D is a feature-rich 2D physics system used by thousands of hit games.

This plugin opens-up the power of Box2D directly within Phaser. It has the same user-friendly approach to its API that the rest of Phaser does, making integration and game development a beeze.

image

It uses the excellent box2d-html5 JavaScript port by Isaac Burns. We found that this library had the best performance of those tested, even on mobile.

Development of the plugin was lead by Box2D experts iForce2D - the company responsible for the excellent Box2D visual editor R.U.B.E

 

See the Box2D Plugin Page for More Details

 

The Download includes

  • Getting Started Guide - You'll be coding in next to no time.
  • 90 Code Examples - From games to core mechanics.
  • API Documentation and Box2D User Manual
  • Free Upgrades
  • License free - Use it in commercial games
  • Ready built and minified source files + grunt scripts
  • Delivered via download from FastSpring.com

Try it out

We've added 40 of the Box2D examples to this site.

Run them, play with them and edit the code to get a feel for how it all works.

 

The full release details are available here.

 

I actually like to see this form of monetization.  Developers need to eat and we want  them working to make better and better products.  Keeping the core free while adding premium but optional features as a premium plug-in seems like a good middle line to me.  The key is to keep developing the core free product at the same rate that commercial plugins are added.

News , ,

15. January 2015

 

I’ve been doing a long running Phaser with TypeScript tutorial series that illustrates basically everything you need to know to create a complete game using the Phaser HTML5 game engine.  I decided to put together a video tutorial showing how to put it all together to make a complete game.

 

Now, keep in mind, the game is incredibly simple… I wanted to keep the entire thing to under an hour after all ( I failed, it’s an hour and a half ), so I had to keep the scope reasonable in size.  So as a result I’ve created Extreme Walking Simulator!  Yeah, you walk… and that’s it actually.  You walk forever and ever in front of the same looping background.  However, you are left with a complete but simple game but most importantly, a framework of code that can be expanded upon to build much more complex games.  It also illustrates program flow, drawing sprites, playing music, changing states, handling input and all the other things a “full” game has to do.

 

In addition to the code, all of the assets used are available on GitHub.  This includes my incredible title music, the Blend files used for the main character and the level scene.  Everything you need to create this game is there in the Assets folder.  Feel free to play around and use it however you want.  That said, the textures just came from Google Image Search, so no clue if there is a copyright on any of them, so don’t use them in a commercial project! I believe all of my Github stuff is set to Creative Commons license…  if it’s not, assume you can do anything you want with it and that you have absolutely no warranty.

 

Ok, enough preamble, let’s jump right in!  The tutorial is available in two parts on YouTube in 1080p ( or embedded below):

 

 

Following are the game itself, then the source listings, finally the two videos in an embedded player.

 

EXTREME WALKING SIMULATOR!

 

EDIT: Removed to prevent music auto playing, to play the game click here instead. Warning, loud

Controls:

  • Click the title screen to get started
  • Tap right arrow to start walking/speed up
  • Tap left arrow to slow down/stop
  • Press ESC to stop the torture!

 

 

The Source Code

 

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <title>Hello Phaser</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="app.css" type="text/css" />
    <script src="phaser.js"></script>
    <script src="GameObjects/MyScene.js"></script>
    <script src="GameObjects/Player.js"></script>
    <script src="States/TitleScreenState.js"></script>
    <script src="States/GamePlayState.js"></script>
    <script src="States/GameOverState.js"></script>
    <script src="app.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="content"></div>
</body>
</html>

 

app.ts

module Game {
    export class ExtremeWalkingSimulator {
        game: Phaser.Game;


        constructor() {
            this.game = new Phaser.Game(1280, 720, Phaser.AUTO, 'content', {
                create: this.create, preload: this.preload
            });
        }

        preload() {
            // Graphics
            this.game.load.image("title", "Graphics/TitleScreen.png");
            this.game.load.image("scene", "Graphics/scene720p.png");
            this.game.load.image("gameover", "Graphics/GameOver.png");

            //Spritesheets
            this.game.load.atlasXML("HERO_WALKING", "Graphics/Hero_Walking.png", "Graphics/Hero_Walking.xml");
            this.game.load.atlasXML("HERO_IDLE", "Graphics/Hero_Idle.png", "Graphics/Hero_Idle.xml");

            // Audio
            this.game.load.audio("TitleSong", ["Sounds/TitleSong.mp3", "Sounds/TitleSong.ogg",
"Sounds/TitleSong.wav"]); } create() { this.game.state.add("TitleScreenState", GameFromScratch.TitleScreenState, true); this.game.state.add("GamePlayState", GameFromScratch.GamePlayState, false); this.game.state.add("GameOverState", GameFromScratch.GameOverState, false); this.game.scale.scaleMode = Phaser.ScaleManager.SHOW_ALL; } } } window.onload = () => { var game = new Game.ExtremeWalkingSimulator(); };

 

Player.ts

module GameFromScratch {
    export enum PlayerState { IDLE, WALKING }

    export class Player extends Phaser.Sprite {
        game: Phaser.Game;
        playerState: PlayerState;
        RIGHT_ARROW: Phaser.Key;
        LEFT_ARROW: Phaser.Key;
        ESCAPE: Phaser.Key;
        walkingSpeed: number;

        public static MAX_SPEED: number = 30;

        constructor(game: Phaser.Game, x: number, y: number) {
            this.game = game;

            
            this.walkingSpeed = 0;

            //Wire up input handlers
            this.RIGHT_ARROW = this.game.input.keyboard.addKey(Phaser.Keyboard.RIGHT);
            this.RIGHT_ARROW.onDown.add(Player.prototype.MoveRight, this);

            this.LEFT_ARROW = this.game.input.keyboard.addKey(Phaser.Keyboard.LEFT);
            this.LEFT_ARROW.onDown.add(Player.prototype.MoveLessRight, this);

            this.ESCAPE = this.game.input.keyboard.addKey(Phaser.Keyboard.ESC);
            this.ESCAPE.onDown.add(Player.prototype.GameOver, this);
            super(game, x, y, "HERO_WALKING", 0);

            this.anchor.set(0.0, 1.0);
            this.StartIdle();
        }

        update() {
            if (this.playerState == PlayerState.WALKING) {
                this.x += (this.walkingSpeed / Player.MAX_SPEED) * (60 / this.game.time.elapsedMS);

                // This logic depends on scene being added first.
                var stageWidth = this.game.stage.getChildAt(0).getBounds().width;
                if (this.x > stageWidth * .75)
                    this.x = stageWidth * .25;
            }
            super.update();
        }

        // Worse function name ever!
        MoveLessRight() {
            if (this.playerState != PlayerState.IDLE) {
                this.walkingSpeed--;
                if (this.walkingSpeed > 0)
                    this.animations.currentAnim.speed = this.walkingSpeed;
                else
                    this.StartIdle();
            }
        }

        MoveRight() {
            if (this.playerState == PlayerState.IDLE) {
                this.StartWalking();
            }
            else {
            if (this.walkingSpeed < Player.MAX_SPEED)
                this.walkingSpeed++;
                this.animations.currentAnim.speed = this.walkingSpeed;
            }
        }

        StartWalking() {
            this.playerState = PlayerState.WALKING;
            this.walkingSpeed = 5;
            this.loadTexture("HERO_WALKING", 0);
            this.animations.add("walk");
            this.animations.play("walk", this.walkingSpeed, true);
        }

        StartIdle() {
            this.loadTexture("HERO_IDLE", 0);
            this.playerState = PlayerState.IDLE;
            this.animations.add("Idle");
            this.animations.play("Idle",15,true);
        }

        GameOver() {
            this.game.state.start("GameOverState");
        }

    }
}

 

MyScene.ts

module GameFromScratch {

    export class MyScene extends Phaser.Sprite {
        game: Phaser.Game;
        nextFrame: Phaser.Sprite;

        constructor(game: Phaser.Game, x: number, y: number) {
            super(game, x, y, "scene", 0);
            this.nextFrame = new Phaser.Sprite(this.game, this.width, 0, "scene", 0);
            this.game.add.existing(this.nextFrame);
        }
    }
}

 

TitleScreenState.ts

module GameFromScratch {
    export class TitleScreenState extends Phaser.State {
        game: Phaser.Game;
        music: Phaser.Sound;

        constructor() {
            super();
        }

        titleScreenImage: Phaser.Sprite;

        preload() {

        }
        create() {
            this.titleScreenImage = this.add.sprite(0, 0, "title");
            this.titleScreenImage.scale.setTo(this.game.width/this.titleScreenImage.width, this.game.height
/
this.titleScreenImage.height); this.music = this.game.add.audio("TitleSong"); this.music.volume = 100; this.music.loop = true; this.music.play(); this.input.onTap.addOnce(this.titleClicked, this); } titleClicked() { this.music.stop(); this.game.state.start("GamePlayState"); } } }

 

GamePlayState.ts

module GameFromScratch {
    export class GamePlayState extends Phaser.State {
        game: Phaser.Game;
        player: GameFromScratch.Player;
        myScene: GameFromScratch.MyScene;

        constructor() {
            super();
        }

        preload() {
        }
        create() {
            this.myScene = new MyScene(this.game, 0, 0);
            this.player = new Player(this.game, 0, this.game.height - 50);

            this.game.add.existing(this.myScene);
            this.game.add.existing(this.player);

            this.game.world.setBounds(0,0,this.myScene.width * 2, this.myScene.height);
            this.game.camera.follow(this.player);
        }
    }
}

 

GameOverState.ts

module GameFromScratch {
    export class GameOverState extends Phaser.State {
        game: Phaser.Game;
        gameOverSprite: Phaser.Sprite;

        constructor() {
            super();
        }

        preload() {
        }
        create() {
            this.gameOverSprite = this.add.sprite(0, 0, "gameover", 0);
            this.gameOverSprite.scale.setTo(this.game.width / this.gameOverSprite.width, this.game.height /
this.gameOverSprite.height); this.input.onDown.add(() => { this.game.state.start("TitleScreenState", true); }, this);; } } }

 

 

 

The Videos

 

Part One:

 

Part Two:

Programming , , , , ,

7. January 2015

 

It’s most a maintenance release, so the list of new features is fairly sparse:

 


New Features
  • Phaser.Loader now supports BLOB urls for audio files (thanks @aressler38 #1462)
  • Line.reflect will calculate the reflected, or outgoing angle of two lines. This can be used for Body vs. Line collision responses and rebounds.
  • Line.normalAngle gets the angle of the line normal in radians.
  • Line.normalX and Line.normalY contain the x and y components of the left-hand normal of the line.
  • Line.fromAngle will sets this line to start at the given x and y coordinates and for the segment to extend at angle for the given length.
  • BitmapData.drawGroup draws the immediate children of a Phaser.Group to a BitmapData. Children are only drawn if they have their exists property set to true. The children will be drawn at their x and y world space coordinates. When drawing it will take into account the child's rotation, scale and alpha values. No iteration takes place. Groups nested inside other Groups will not be iterated through.

 

You can read the complete release notes here.

 

The release 2.3 milestones are available here.

 

They also made this announcement regarding version 3:

We're hard at work on Phaser 3. Development on the brand new renderer began in earnest last year and we're already seeing exceptional results from it. You can follow our development in the forum and public repo. Even though we're working on taking Phaser 3 into ES6 and the next generation of web browsers, we haven't stopped with the 2.x branch.

 

If Phaser sounds interesting to you, of course, Gamefromscratch has an extensive tutorial series available here.

Programming, News , ,

4. December 2014

 

The Phaser HTML5 game development library has been churning out the releases as of late, and just yesterday 2.2.1 was released.  Perhaps most impressively, much of the releases content came from members within the community, always a good sign with open source projects. 

 

The biggest new feature is the Scale Manager, which you can read about here or from this newly released e-book.  The ScaleManager is to help enable your code to run on devices with multiple different resolutions.  The biggest change is Phaser moved to a proper fixed-step game loop, fully decoupling logic and rendering.

 

The full (and massive) change log below:

 

New Features
  • Updated to Pixi v2.2.0 - see separate change log entry below.
  • Cache.getRenderTexture will retrieve a RenderTexture that is stored in the Phaser Cache. This method replaces Cache.getTexture which is now deprecated.
  • Cache.autoResolveURL is a new boolean (default false) that automatically builds a cached map of all loaded assets vs. their absolute URLs, for use with Cache.getURL and Cache.checkURL. Note that in 2.1.3 and earlier this was enabled by default, but has since been moved behind this property which needs to be set to true before you load any assets to enable.
  • You can now call Tween.to again on a Tween that has already completed. This will re-use the same tween, on the original object, without having to recreate the Tween again. This allows a single tween instance to be re-used multiple times, providing they are linked to the same object (thanks InsaneHero)
  • Phaser.Color.valueToColor converts a value: a "hex" string, a "CSS 'web' string", or a number - into red, green, blue, and alpha components (thanks @pnstickne #1264)
  • Stage.backgroundColor now supports CSS 'rgba' values, as well as hex strings and hex numbers (thanks @pnstickne #1234)
  • Pointer.addClickTrampoline now adds in support for click trampolines. These raise pointer events into click events, which are required internally for a few edge cases like IE11 full screen mode support, but are also useful if you know you specifically need a DOM click event from a pointer (thanks @pnstickne #1282)
  • Point.floor will Math.floor both the x and y values of the Point.
  • Point.ceil will Math.ceil both the x and y values of the Point.
  • ScaleManager.scaleSprite takes a Sprite or Image object and scales it to fit the given dimensions. Scaling happens proportionally without distortion to the sprites texture. The letterBox parameter controls if scaling will produce a letter-box effect or zoom the sprite until it fills the given values.
  • Phaser.DOM.getBounds is a cross-browser element.getBoundingClientRect method with optional cushion.
  • Phaser.DOM.calibrate is a private method that calibrates element coordinates for viewport checks.
  • Phaser.DOM.aspect gets the viewport aspect ratio (or the aspect ratio of an object or element)
  • Phaser.DOM.inViewport tests if the given DOM element is within the viewport, with an optional cushion parameter that allows you to specify a distance.
  • Phaser.DOM.viewportWidth returns the viewport width in pixels.
  • Phaser.DOM.viewportHeight returns the viewport height in pixels.
  • Phaser.DOM.documentWidth returns the document width in pixels.
  • Phaser.DOM.documentHeight returns the document height in pixels.
  • TilemapLayers have been given a decent performance boost on canvas with map shifting edge-redraw (thanks @pnstickne #1250)
  • A large refactor to how the internal game timers and physics calculations has been made. We've now swapped to using a fixed time step internally across Phaser, instead of the variable one we had before that caused glitchse on low-fps systems. Thanks to pjbaron for his help with all of these related changes.
  • We have separated the logic and render updates to permit slow motion and time slicing effects. We've fixed time calling to fix physics problems caused by variable time updates (i.e. collisions sometimes missing, objects tunneling, etc)
  • Once per frame calling for rendering and tweening to keep things as smooth as possible
  • Calculates a suggestedFps value (in multiples of 5 fps) based on a 2 second average of actual elapsed time values in the Time.update method. This is recalculated every 2 seconds so it could be used on a level-by-level basis if a game varies dramatically. I.e. if the fps rate consistently drops, you can adjust your game effects accordingly.
  • Game loop now tries to "catch up" frames if it is falling behind by iterating the logic update. This will help if the logic is occasionally causing things to run too slow, or if the renderer occasionally pushes the combined frame time over the FPS time. It's not a band-aid for a game that floods a low powered device however, so you still need to code accordingly. But it should help capture issues such as gc spikes or temporarily overloaded CPUs.
  • It now detects 'spiraling' which happens if a lot of frames are pushed out in succession meaning the CPU can never "catch up". It skips frames instead of trying to catch them up in this case. Note: the time value passed to the logic update functions is always constant regardless of these shenanigans.
  • Signals to the game program if there is a problem which might be fixed by lowering the desiredFps
  • Time.desiredFps is the new desired frame rate for your game.
  • Time.suggestedFps is the suggested frame rate for the game based on system load.
  • Time.slowMotion allows you to push the game into a slow motion mode. The default value is 1.0. 2.0 would be half speed, and so on.
  • Time.timeCap is no longer used and now deprecated. All timing is now handled by the fixed time-step code we've introduced.
  • Time.now can no longer be relied upon to contain a timestamp value. If the browser supports requestAnimationFrame then Time.now will contain the high resolution timer value that rAf generates. Otherwise it will contain the value of Date.now. If you require the actual time value (in milliseconds) then please use Time.timeinstead. Note that all Phaser sub-systems that used to rely on Time.now have been updated, so if you have any code that extends these please be sure to check it.
  • Game.forceSingleUpdate will force just a single logic update, regardless of the delta timer values. You can use this in extremely heavy CPU situations where you know you're about to flood the CPU but don't want Phaser to get stuck in a spiral.
  • Tilemap.createFromTiles will convert all tiles matching the given tile index (or an array of indexes) into Sprites. You can optionally then replace these tiles if you wish. This is perfect for games when you want to turn specific tiles into Sprites for extra control. The Sprites have an optional properties object which they can be populated with.
  • Added support for the Wheel Event, which is the DOM3 spec (thanks @pnstickne #1318)
  • Wheel Scroll Event (old non-FF) and DOM Mouse Wheel (old FF) are supported via a non-exported reused wrapper object; WheelEventProxy. The proxy methods are generated one-time dynamically but only when needed.
  • Key.justDown allows you to test if a Key has just been pressed down or not. You can only call justDown once per key press. It will only return true once, until the Key is released and pressed down again. This allows you to use it in situations where you want to check if this key is down without using a Signal, such as in a core game loop (thanks @pjbaron #1321)
  • Key.justUp allows you to test if a Key has just been released or not. You can only call justUp once per key press. It will only return true once, until the Key is pressed down and released again. This allows you to use it in situations where you want to check if this key is up without using a Signal, such as in a core game loop (thanks @pjbaron #1321)
  • Device.whenReady is a new signal that you can use to tell when the device is initialized.
  • Device.onInitialized is dispatched after device initialization occurs but before any of the ready callbacks have been invoked. Local "patching" for a particular device can/should be done in this event.
  • TweenManager.removeFrom method allows you to remove a tween from a game object such as a Sprite (thanks @lewster32 #1279)
  • Tweens have been completely rewritten. They're now much more flexible and efficient than before:
  • When specifying the ease in Tween.to or Tween.from you can now use a string instead of the Function. This makes your code less verbose. For example instead of Phaser.Easing.Sinusoidal.Out and you can now just use the string "Sine".The string names match those used by TweenMax and includes: "Linear", "Quad", "Cubic", "Quart", "Quint", "Sine", "Expo", "Circ", "Elastic", "Back", "Bounce", "Power0", "Power1", "Power2", "Power3" and "Power4". You can append ".easeIn", ".easeOut" and "easeInOut" variants. All are supported for each ease types.
  • Tweens now create a TweenData object. The Tween object itself acts like more of a timeline, managing multiple TweenData objects. You can now call Tween.to and each call will create a new child tween that is added to the timeline, which are played through in sequence.
  • Tweens are now bound to the new Time.desiredFps value and update based on the new Game core loop, rather than being bound to time calculations. This means that tweens are now running with the same update logic as physics and the core loop.
  • Tween.timeScale allows you to scale the duration of a tween (and any child tweens it may have). A value of 1.0 means it should play at the desiredFps rate. A value of 0.5 will run at half the frame rate, 2 at double and so on. You can even tween the timeScale value for interesting effects!
  • Tween.reverse allows you to instantly reverse an active tween. If the Tween has children then it will smoothly reverse through all child tweens as well.
  • Tween.repeatAll allows you to control how many times all child tweens will repeat before firing the Tween.onComplete event. You can set the value to -1 to repeat forever.
  • Tween.loop now controls the looping of all child tweens.
  • Tween.onRepeat is a new signal that is dispatched whenever a Tween repeats. If a Tween has many child tweens its dispatched once the sequence has repeated.
  • Tween.onChildComplete is a new signal that is dispatched whenever any child tweens have completed. If a Tween consists of 4 sections you will get 3 onChildComplete events followed by 1 onComplete event as the final tween finishes.
  • Chained tweens are now more intelligently handled. Because you can easily create child tweens (by simply calling Tween.to multiple times) chained tweens are now used to kick-off longer sequences. You can pass as many Tween objects to Tween.chain as you like as they'll all be played in sequence. As one Tween completes it passes on to the next until the entire chain is finished.
  • Tween.stop has a new complete parameter that if set will still fire the onComplete event and start the next chained tween, if there is one.
  • Tween.delay, Tween.repeat, Tween.yoyo, Tween.easing and Tween.interpolation all have a new index parameter. This allows you to target specific child tweens, or if set to -1 it will update all children at once.
  • Tween.totalDuration reports the total duration of all child tweens in ms.
  • There are new easing aliases:
  • * Phaser.Easing.Power0 = Phaser.Easing.Linear.None
  • * Phaser.Easing.Power1 = Phaser.Easing.Quadratic.Out
  • * Phaser.Easing.Power2 = Phaser.Easing.Cubic.Out
  • * Phaser.Easing.Power3 = Phaser.Easing.Quartic.Out
  • * Phaser.Easing.Power4 = Phaser.Easing.Quintic.Out
  • ScaleManager.windowContraints now allows specifying 'visual' or 'layout' as the constraint. Using the 'layout' constraint should prevent a mobile device from trying to resize the game when zooming.

    Including the the new changes the defaults have been changed to

    windowContraints = { right: 'layout', bottom: '' }

    This changes the current scaling behavior as seen in "Game Scaling" (as it will only scale for the right edge) but also prevents such scaling from going bonkers in some mobile environments like the newer Android browser. (Automatic scroll-to-top, albeit configurable, enabled for non-desktop by default is not a fun situation here.)

    To obtain the current semantics on a desktop the bottom should be changed to 'layout'; although this will result in different behavior depending on mobile device. To make the sizing also follow mobile zooming they should be changed to 'visual'.

    Also added temp Rectangle re-used for various internal calculations.

  • Phaser.DOM now also special-cases desktops to align the layout bounds correctly (this may disagree with CSS breakpoints but it aligns the with actual CSS width), without applying a window height/width expansion as required on mobile browsers.

  • Signals have been heavily restructured to cut down on the number that are generated in-game. New signal proxies manage the setting and creation as required, cutting down on the volume of run-time object creation significantly. No user code needs to change, however if you did override Phaser.Signal or Sprite.Events then please be aware of the changes by inspecting the source (and commit #1389 by @pnstickne).
  • Game.lockRender is a new property. If false Phaser will automatically render the display list every update. If truethe render loop will be skipped. You can toggle this value at run-time to gain exact control over when Phaser renders. This can be useful in certain types of game or application. Please note that if you don't render the display list then none of the game object transforms will be updated, so use this value carefully.
Updates
  • TypeScript definitions fixes and updates (thanks @clark-stevenson @draconisNoctis)
  • The TypeScript definitions have moved to the typescript folder in the root of the repository.
  • Cache._resolveUrl has been renamed to Cache._resolveURL internally and gained a new parameter. This method is a private internal one.
  • Cache.getUrl is deprecated. The same method is now available as Cache.getURL.
  • Loader.useXDomainRequest used to be enabled automatically for IE9 but is now always set to false. Please enable it only if you know your server set-up / CDN requires it, as some most certainly do, but we're finding them to be less and less used these days, so we feel it's safe to now disable this by default (#1248)
  • Game.destroy now destroys either the WebGLRenderer or CanvasRenderer, whichever Pixi was using.
  • Particle.Emitter will now automatically set particle.body.skipQuadTree to true to help with collision speeds within Arcade Physics.
  • Particle.Emitter.explode (or Emitter.start with the explode parameter set to true) will immediately emit the required quantity of particles and not delay until the next frame to do so. This means you can re-use a single emitter across multiple places in your game that require explode-style emissions, just by adjusting the emitter.x andemitter.y properties before calling explode (thanks Insanehero)
  • Phaser.Polygon has been refactored to address some Pixi v2 migration issues (thanks @pnstickne for the original implementation #1267)
  • Polygon.area is now only calculated when the Polygon points list is modified, rather than on every call.
  • Phaser.Polygon can now accept the points list in a variety of formats: Arrays of Points, numbers, objects with public x/y properties or any combination of, or as a parameter list (thanks @pnstickne for the original implementation #1267)
  • All of the Input classes now use the more consistent enabled property instead of disabled. I.e. you can now checkif (input.mouse.enabled) rather than if (!input.mouse.disabled). The disabled property has been moved to a getter for backwards compatibility but is deprecated and will be removed in a future version (thanks @pnstickne #1257)
  • The Input class has been given a minor refactor to tidy things up. Specifically:
    • pointerN are aliases to backed pointers[N-1] array. This simplifies (and increases the efficiency of) looping through all the pointers when applicable; also eliminates pointer-existence checks Removes various hard-coded limits (added MAX_POINTERS); changed maxPointers default
    • Removed some special-casing from cases where it did not matter
    • Removed === false/true, == usage for consistency, changed missing value check to typeof, etc.
    • Updated documentation for specificity; added @public\@protected
    • @deprecated currentPointers due to odd set pattern; totalCurrentPointers is more appropriate. (thanks @pnstickne #1283)
  • Various ScaleManager fixes and updates (thanks @pnstickne):
    • Scale modes can now be set independently
    • Switching between fullscreen and normal correctly restores modes
    • Alignment does not incorrectly offset in fullscreen mode (#1255)
    • Changing scale/alignment promptly refreshes layout
    • isFullScreen returns a boolean, as it should
    • Faster parent checks (if required)
    • NO_SCALE should not not scale (vs previous behavior of having no behavior)
    • Correct usage of scaleMode depending on mode
    • Fullscreen Mode always scaling to fill screen in Firefox (#1256)
  • AudioSprite - removed an unnecessary if-statement (thanks @DaanHaaz #1312)
  • ArcadePhysics.skipQuadTree is now set to true by default. A QuadTree is a wonderful thing if the objects in your game are well spaced out. But in tightly packed games, especially those with tilemaps or single-screen games, they are a considerable performance drain and eat up CPU. We've taken the decision to disable the Arcade Physics QuadTree by default. It's all still in there and can be re-enabled via game.physics.arcade.skipQuadTree = false, but please only do so if you're sure your game benefits from this.
  • Phaser.DOM now houses new DOM functions. Some have been moved over from ScaleManager as appropriate.
  • Key.justPressed has bee renamed to Key.downDuration which is a much clearer name for what the method actually does. See Key.justDown for a nice clean alternative.
  • Key.justReleased has bee renamed to Key.upDuration which is a much clearer name for what the method actually does. See Key.justUp for a nice clean alternative.
  • Keyboard.justPressed has bee renamed to Keyboard.downDuration which is a much clearer name for what the method actually does.
  • Keyboard.justReleased has bee renamed to Keyboard.upDuration which is a much clearer name for what the method actually does.
  • Keyboard.downDuration, Keyboard.upDuration and Keyboard.isDown now all return null if the Key wasn't found in the local keys array.
  • The Phaser.Device class has been made into a singleton and removed it's dependency on Phaser.Game (thanks @pnstickne #1328)
  • ArrayList has been renamed to ArraySet (as it's actually a data set implementation) and moved from the corefolder to the utils folder (thanks @pnstickne)
  • If you are reloading a Phaser Game on a page that never properly refreshes (such as in an AngularJS project) then you will quickly run out of AudioContext nodes. If this is the case create a global var called PhaserGlobal on the window object before creating the game. The active AudioContext will then be saved towindow.PhaserGlobal.audioContext when the Phaser game is destroyed, and re-used when it starts again (#1233)
  • Camera.screenView is now deprecated. All Camera culling checks are made against Camera.view now instead.
  • Various CocoonJS related hacks removed thanks to fixes from Ludei directly in CocoonJS! Woohoo :)
  • Phaser.HEADLESS check removed from the core game loop. If you need to disable rendering you can now override the Phaser.Game.updateRender method instead with your own.
  • Group.forEach fixed against browser de-optimization (thanks @pnstickne #1357)
  • Phaser.Signals have been taken on a diet. They have been updated such that there is significantly less penalty for having many unused signals. The changes include:
  • * Changing it so there is no dispatch closure created. This is a potentially breaking change for third party code.
  • * In the rare case that code needs to obtain a dispatch-closure, the boundDispatch property can be used to trivially obtain a cached closure.
  • * The properties and default values are moved into the prototype; and the _bindings array creation is deferred. This change, coupled with the removal of the automatic closure, results in a very lightweight ~24bytes/object (in Chrome) for unbound signals.
  • With this change in place Signals now consume less than 50KB / 50KB (shallow / retained memory) for 200 sprites, where-as before they used 300KB / 600KB (thanks @pnstickne #1359)
  • Time.elapsedMS holds the number of milliseconds since the last Game loop, regardless of raF or setTimout being used.
  • Incorrectly prepared tilemap images (with dimensions not evenly divisible by the tile dimensions) would render incorrectly when compared to the display seen in Tiled. The Phaser tilemap code has been adjusted to match the way Tiled deals with this, which should help if you're using tileset images that contain extra padding/margin pixels. Additional console warnings have been added. However the fact remains that you should carefully prepare your tilesets before using them. Crop off extra padding, make sure they are the right dimensions (thanks @SoulBeaver for the report and @pnstickne for the fix #1371)
  • Text.setShadow has had the default color value changed from rgba(0,0,0,0) to rgba(0,0,0,1) so it appears as a black shadow by default - before the alpha channel made it invisible.
  • Math.getRandom will now return null if random selection is missing, or array has no entries (thanks @pnstickne #1395)
  • Array.transposeArray has had a small off-by-one error fixed. It didn't effect the results but meant returned arrays were 1 element bigger than needed (thanks @nextht #1394)
  • State.preRender is now sent two parameters: a reference to the Phaser.Game instance and a new parameter:elapsedTime which is the time elapsed since the last update.
Bug Fixes
  • Tilemaps in WebGL wouldn't update after the first frame due to a subtle change in how Pixi uploads new textures to the GPU.
  • XML files weren't being added to the URL map.
  • Cache._resolveURL was causing a Sound double-load in Firefox and causing errors (thanks @domonyiv #1253)
  • Loader.json was using the wrong context in IE9 with XDomainRequest calls (thanks @pnstickne #1258)
  • Text.updateText was incorrectly increasing the size of the texture each time it was called (thanks @spayton #1261)
  • Polygon.contains now correctly calculates the result (thanks @pnstickne @BurnedToast #1267)
  • Setting Key.enabled = false while it is down did not reset the isDown state (thanks @pnstickne #1190 #1271)
  • The Gamepad.addCallbacks context parameter was never actually remembered, causing the callbacks to run in the wrong context (thanks @englercj #1285)
  • Animation.setFrame used the wrong frames array if useLocalFrameIndex was false and a numeric frame ID was given (thanks @Skeptron #1284)
  • Fullscreen mode in IE11 now works (thanks @pnstickne)
  • Cache.addBitmapData now auto-creates a FrameData (thanks @pnstickne #1294 #1300)
  • P2.BodyDebug circles were drawing at half widths (thanks @enriqueto #1288)
  • FrameData.clone fixed when cloning data using frame names rather than indexes (thanks pjbaron)
  • Lots of the Cache getters (such as Cache.getbitmapData) would return undefined if the asset couldn't be found. They now all consistently return null for missing entries (thanks @Matoking #1305)
  • Phaser games should now work again from the CocoonJS Launcher.
  • Only one of the mouse wheel events is listened to, newest standard first. This fixes a bug in FF where it would use the default DOMMouseWheel (thanks @pnstickne #1313)
  • Stage.smoothed needed to modify the value of PIXI.scaleMode.DEFAULT instead of PIXI.scaleMode.LINEAR (thanks @pixelpicosean #1322)
  • Newly created Groups always had zero z index (thanks @spayton #1291)
  • Sprite.autoCull now properly works if the camera moves around the world.
  • Sprite.inCamera uses a much faster check if auto culling or world bounds checks are enabled and properly adjusts for camera position.
  • Camera.totalInView is a new property that contains the total number of Sprites rendered that have autoCull set to true and are within the Cameras view.
  • Emitter.setScale fixed minX minY order precedence (thanks spayton)
  • Group.iterate can now accept undefined/null as the arguments (thanks @pnstickne #1353 @tasos-ch #1352)
  • When you change State the P2 Physics world is no longer fully cleared. All of the bodies, springs, fixtures, materials and constraints are removed - but config settings such as gravity, restitution, the contact solver, etc are all retained. The P2.World object is only created the very first time you call Physics.startSystem. Every subsequent call hits P2.World.reset instead. This fixes "P2.World gravity broken after switching states" (and other related issues) (#1292 #1289 #1176)
  • Text.lineSpacing works correctly again. Before no space was added between the lines (thanks @intimidate #1367 and @brejep #1366)
  • P2.BodyDebug always lagged behind the position of the Body it was tracking by one frame, which became visible at high speeds. It now syncs its position in the Body.postUpdate which prevents this from happening (thanks @valueerror)
  • A State.preRender callback wasn't removed correctly when switching States.

 

Phaser is available here.

 

Of course, GameFromScratch has a comprehensive Phaser with TypeScript series available here.

News ,

27. November 2014

 

 

Now we are going to look at using the P2 Physics engine.  Truth of the matter is, the experience is very similar to what we just experienced with Arcade physics.  The biggest difference is P2 is more accurate, has greater options for simulation and critically, takes up more CPU power.

 

Let’s jump in straight away with a simple example.  We are going to load two identical sprites, anchor one and create a spring between them.  Code time!

/// <reference path="phaser.d.ts"/>
class SimpleGame {
    game: Phaser.Game;
    player1: Phaser.Sprite;
    player2: Phaser.Sprite;

    constructor() {
        this.game = new Phaser.Game(640, 480, Phaser.AUTO, 'content', {
            create: this.create, preload: this.preload
        });
    }
    preload() {
        this.game.load.image("decepticon", "decepticon.png");
    }
    create() {
        this.player1 = this.game.add.sprite(this.game.width/2, 0 + 50, "decepticon");
        this.player2 = this.game.add.sprite(this.game.width/2, this.game.height, "decepticon");

        this.game.physics.startSystem(Phaser.Physics.P2JS);

        // Enabled physics on our sprites
        this.game.physics.p2.enable([this.player1, this.player2]);

        // Make our one body motionless
        this.player1.body.static = true;
        
        // Now create a sprite between our two bodies, parameters are rest length, stiffness and damping
        // Rest length is the length of the spring at rest ( where it's not under pressure )
        // Stiffness is the resistance to movement of the spring
        // Damping determines how fast the spring loses it's "boing"  Our low damping keeps our spring "boinging"
        // Boing is a word I made up to describe the up and down motion of a spring doing it's spring thing
        this.game.physics.p2.createSpring(this.player1, this.player2, 200, 2, 0.3);

        // Lets loop a timed event every 10 seconds that moves the one end of our spring back to the start
        // Mostly just so people that didn't see it run the first time in the browser have something to see!
        this.game.time.events.loop(Phaser.Timer.SECOND * 10, () => {
            this.player2.body.x = this.game.width/2;
            this.player2.body.y = this.game.height;
            }, this);

    }
}

window.onload = () => {
    var game = new SimpleGame();
};

The code is fairly well commented, so I'll just go through the gist of what's happening here.  Just like before, you have to start the Physics subsystem, this time we pass in Phaser.Physics.P2JS.  You also have to register your objects with the physics system.  In this case we do it by passing an array of Sprite to p2.enable();  We set one of our physics bodies to static, which will cause it to not be moved or updated by the physics system.  We then create a spring between the two sprites.  This will cause the second sprite to “spring” toward the first, until the rest length is met ( plus any momentum ), then the spring will, well, spring.  Finally, just to make the demo run a bit better in the browser, we schedule a looping event every 10 seconds that resets the second sprites physics body back to the starting position to start the whole game all over again. 

 

Here is our code running in the browser:

 

One of the big advantages to P2 is it can use Polygon data for more precise collision calculates than body boxes.  Consider the following sprite:

 

megatron

 

When doing bounding box based collisions tests, this would be considered a “hit”:

 

BoundingBox

 

Ideally instead we should create a tighter bounding volume for our collision tests, like so:

BoundingPoly

 

Well, the good news is we can, but we need a third party editor to create the bounding volumes.  One such tool and the one I am going to use in this example is Physics Editor by CodeAndWeb.  It’s commercial software, but there is a free version with the following restrictions:

 

image

 

It can be purchased currently for about $20.

 

CURRENTLY, I COULD NOT GET THE CURRENT WINDOWS VERSION TO EXPORT!

There is a DLL missing, I’ve reported it to the developer, for now instead use the older version available here.

 

For this, I am just using the unregistered version.  Load it up, then click Add Sprites:

image

 

Navigate to the sprite you want to work with and click OK.  It should appear in the window like so:

image

 

I’m full of serious lazy, so I’m going to let the app do the work, simply click the Shape Tracer icon:

image

 

Now in the resulting dialog, play with the tolerance and alpha value until you have a bounding volume you like with a vertex count you can deal with:

image

 

Once you are happy with it, set the Exporter on the right to Lime + Corona ( JSON ).

image

 

Save the resulting file to your project directory.

 

Now time to actually use the results in Phaser:

/// <reference path="phaser.d.ts"/>
class SimpleGame {
    game: Phaser.Game;
    player1: Phaser.Sprite;
    player2: Phaser.Sprite;

    constructor() {
        this.game = new Phaser.Game(640, 480, Phaser.AUTO, 'content', {
            create: this.create, preload: this.preload
        });
    }
    preload() {
        this.game.load.image("megatron", "megatron.png");
        this.game.load.physics("physicsInfo", "physics.json");
    }
    create() {
        this.player1 = this.game.add.sprite(0, 0, "megatron");
        this.player2 = this.game.add.sprite(0, 0, "megatron");

        // Being lazy, positioning sprite after creation so we have a valid width/height
        this.player1.position.set(this.player1.width / 2, this.player1.height / 2);
        
        // Now another sprite on the right side of the screen, down slightly
        this.player2.position.set(this.game.width - (this.player2.width / 2),  this.player2.height / 2 + 85);

        

        this.game.physics.startSystem(Phaser.Physics.P2JS);
        
        // Passing in true while enabling physics on an object causes the debug renderer to draw the physics body
        this.game.physics.p2.enable([this.player1, this.player2], true);

        // You need to call clearShapes() to get rid of the existing bounding box
        this.player1.body.clearShapes();
        this.player2.body.clearShapes();

        // Now load the polygon bounding data we created externally
        this.player1.body.loadPolygon("physicsInfo", "megatron");
        this.player2.body.loadPolygon("physicsInfo", "megatron");

        // Now let's get this party started
        this.player2.body.moveLeft(80);

        // Finally, when the collision occurs, move back to the beginning and start over
        this.player2.body.onBeginContact.add((body, shapeA, shapeB, equation) => {
            this.player2.body.x = this.game.width - (this.player2.width / 2);
            this.player2.body.y = this.player2.height / 2 + 85;
            }, this);
    }
}

window.onload = () => {
    var game = new SimpleGame();
};

 

WARNING!  When using P2 physics, if your physics body starts even slightly outside the bounds of the screen, it will start with forces applied against it!

 

When you run this code, it creates two identical Megatrons, on each side of the screen, slightly offset, then sends one towards the other… ok, let’s just watch it:

 

As you can see, using Polygon volumes allow for much greater precision in your collision tests.  Using simple bounding boxes, the collision would occur a great deal earlier.

 

There is a lot more about P2 physics, but in all honesty, Polygon’s are probably the single biggest reason to use it.  Again it is important to remember that P2 is the slowest option, but the most precise.  Also, you have the option of mixing and matching physics engines within the same game.

 

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